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The I.R.A.

The I.R.A.

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I often wonder when I see comments like this left by people on boards how many of them actually had any first hand experience of the "troubles" ? Very few I would imagine. Anyone who does not live here, was born after the "ceasefire" or indeed has no connection to either "side" should simply refrain from posting as your points are invalid and irrelevant. Following partition, Northern Ireland became a de facto one-party state governed by the Ulster Unionist Party in the Parliament of Northern Ireland, in which Catholics were viewed as second-class citizens. [29] [30] Protestants were given preference in jobs and housing, and local government constituencies were gerrymandered in places such as Derry. [31] Policing was carried out by the armed Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the B-Specials, both of which were almost exclusively Protestant. [32] In the mid-1960s tension between the Catholic and Protestant communities was increasing. [31] In 1966 Ireland celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising, prompting fears of a renewed IRA campaign. [33] Feeling under threat, Protestants formed the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a paramilitary group which killed three people in May 1966, two of them Catholic men. [31] In January 1967 the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) was formed by a diverse group of people, including IRA members and liberal unionists. [34] Civil rights marches by NICRA and a similar organisation, People's Democracy, protesting against discrimination were met by counter-protests and violent clashes with loyalists, including the Ulster Protestant Volunteers, a paramilitary group led by Ian Paisley. [35] [36] White, Robert (2017). Out of the Ashes: An Oral History of the Provisional Irish Republican Movement. Merrion Press. ISBN 9781785370939.

During two years of research and a lifetime of interest, the following 10 books were the ones that taught me the most about the politics, the history and most importantly the people of that time. Cox, Michael; Guelke, Adrian; Stephen, Fiona (2006). A Farewell to Arms? Beyond the Good Friday Agreement. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719071157. In prison, Bettaney became close to IRA prisoners and revealed that the British had a highly-placed spy in Derry close to McGuinness.Carlin had been compromised by former MI5 handler Michael Bettaney, who was convicted in 1984 of trying to pass British secrets to the Soviet Union. Ironically, Bettaney had himself been betrayed by a KGB officer working for MI6. Sutton, Malcolm. "Revised and Updated Extracts from Sutton's Book". Conflict Archive on the Internet . Retrieved 25 August 2020.

Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). The Troubles: Ireland's Ordeal and the Search for Peace. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0312294182. Leahy, Thomas (2020). The Intelligence War against the IRA. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1108487504. There were occasional exceptions to this, there are several instances of female IRA volunteers being permitted to ask for bail and/or present a defence. This generally happened where the volunteer had children whose father was dead or imprisoned. There are some other cases where male IRA volunteers were permitted to present a defence. [304] Who here really believes that we can win the war through the ballot box? But will anyone here object if with a ballot paper in this hand and an Armalite in this hand we take power in Ireland? [146] Most recently the 2014 book “Cumann na mBan – 100 years defending the Republic” by Líta Ní Chathmhaoil failed to mention any of the women who had died iCampbell, Anne (24 February 2015). " 'No info' provos involved in crimes". Irish Independent . Retrieved 25 August 2020. Nevertheless, its production license was sold to companies in Japan and England. The Irish loved the ARs so much they even wrote songs about them. Though it is clear that Coogan is a fan of his subject, he never loses balance and criticises Collins where he sees fit. The reason I’ve chosen this is as much for its general history of the period as its subject, undoubtedly the conflict’s most famous individual. Coogan portrays a complex man, who was undeniably ruthless, yet was also charismatic, intelligent and pragmatic. Andrew Sanders; F. Stuart Ross (2020). "The Canadian Dimension to the Northern Ireland Conflict". The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies. 43: 201. JSTOR 27041321.



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