History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics)

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History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics)

History of Western Philosophy (Routledge Classics)

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I would have liked to see more about how contemporary (to Russell) issues like the Worlds Wars were connected to eighteenth century European thinkers such as Hegel. Granted, Russell examines each thinker in their socio-historical perspective, but he fails to give credit to the work and creativity of the thinkers as ends in themselves, not particles of a universal human project. In the background of the text, running through every page, is his grappling with the questions: “what is the future for civilization? Considering Nietzsche's influence on later ideologies like Nazism, it is important to realize Russell's point.

Science, technology and economics corrupt human morality, in setting humans up to fight eachother for possession of property. A survey of Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic philosophers to the early 20th century, each major division of the book is prefaced by an account of the historical background necessary to understand the currents of thought it describes. On the other hand it's full of interesting anecdotes about the philosophers themselves, from the earliest of ancient Greeks to Russell's contemporaries in the 20th century. What he was trying to do was to firmly situate major thinkers in their historical and cultural context, and then explore the ways that history both shapes and is shaped by these thinkers. Adianto que me deixei convencer alguns dias por esta abordagem, mas refletindo sobre alguns dos personagens mais ricos da nossa contemporaneidade como Warren Buffet ou Bill Gates, podemos ver como o facto de ser rico não é incompatível com os valores estóicos.When I said this in a class paper at Uni I was nearly lynched by both the lecturer (a declared Instrumentalist) and the other students (who knew better than I which side their bread was buttered). Not only does Israel condemn a vast number of refugees to misery; not only are many Arabs under occupation condemned to military rule; but also Israel condemns the Arab nations only recently emerging from colonial status to continued impoverishment as military demands take precedence over national development. He credited Russell with drawing attention to the logical side of Leibniz's philosophy, but questioned Russell's view that there is a sharp distinction between Leibniz's "popular philosophy" and his "esoteric doctrine". This is of course an analytic philosopher's history of western philosophy, which means that Russell presupposes that there is a single rational goal which all philosophers are seeking to reach through collective progress.

Space-time, he maintains, is now space and time and the idea of a continuum is challenged with the idea of intervals.Nota: A leitura foi feita entre a edição audio em inglês da Audible e a edição em livro em português da Relógio d'Água. Deste modo Russell começa logo por atacar fortemente Sócrates, seguido de Platão, e até mesmo Aristóteles que diz admirar, e a quem tece alguns dos maiores elogios, acaba bastante mal-tratado. Plato is a fascinating character, not least because it seems a case can be made that he became increasingly less convinced of his theory of forms as his dialogues went on. This book starts with Thales and moves all the way to Plotinus, before it continues into the second book, which is on Catholic Philosophy.

The last chapter in this section, The Philosophy of Logical Analysis, is concerned with Russell's own philosophical views at the time. This is a book that repays the effort of reading it – it is not a short introduction by any means (being over 800 pages), but it is only a difficult read when he discusses philosophers like Hegel and Bergson who are notoriously difficult anyway. And even more important, Russell connects all these philosophers and their ideas to the cultures and times in which these people lived. This is not a book that requires either an extensive knowledge of philosophy, nor an extensive knowledge of history to be understood.Isto toliko koliko sam ranije imao manje razumevanja za ovu knjigu, sad mi prija da čitam poglavlja o Plotinu npr. Russell has opted to for a mix of the last two options — and he prefers himself over all others, that’s all! Bertrand Russell, one of the greatest minds of the 20th century, enlivens philosophy-from ancient Greece to today. In each of these periods, Russell is careful to provide a meaningful amount of historical context, as he describes the major life events, the ideas, and the influence of the philosophers he covers. Its method] confers on philosophers who are dead and gone a kind of false contemporaneity which may make them seem important to the uninitiate.

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